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Cardiomyopathy is any disease of the heart muscle in which the heart loses its full ability to pump blood.


Symptoms may include:

  • dilated (congestive)
  • hypertrophic
  • restrictive
    • tiredness
    • swollen hands and feet
    • difficulty breathing 

Treatment may include:

  • dilated or congestive
    • medication
  • hypertrophic

Types include:

  • dilated or congestive - the heart cavity is enlarged and stretched.  The heart is weak and does not pump normally, and most patients develop heart failure. Abnormal heart rhythms called arrhythmias and disturbances in the heart's electrical conduction also may occur.
  • hypertrophic - the muscle mass of the left ventricle enlarges. In one form of the disease, the wall (septum) between the two ventricles (pumping chamber) becomes enlarged and obstructs the blood flow from the left ventricle.   
  • restrictive - the myocardium (heart muscle) of the ventricles becomes rigid and it harder for the ventricles to fill with blood between heartbeats.

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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