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gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
 

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a more serious form of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or acid reflux.  GER occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter opens spontaneously or does not close properly and the digestive juices (and food) in the stomach gets into the esophagus.

 
Symptoms

Symptoms may include:

 

  • heartburn - burning-type pain in the lower part of the mid-chest, behind the breast bone and in the mid-abdomen
  • dry cough
  • asthma symptoms
  • trouble swallowing
 
Causes

Causes may include:

 

  • anatomical abnormalities like a hiatal hernia
  • obesity
  • pregnancy
  • smoking
  • certain foods like citrus fruits, chocolate, drinks with caffeine or alcohol, fatty and fried foods, garlic and onions, mint flavorings, spicy foods, tomato-based foods
 
Treatments

Treatment may include:

 

  • medications
  • lifestyle changes
  • surgery

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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