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Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine.  The most common type of hyperthyroidism is Grave’s ophthalmopathy (Grave’s disease). 


Symptoms (general) may include:


  • sudden weight loss with increased appetite
  • rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • nervousness
  • anxiety or anxiety attacks
  • irritability
  • sweating
  • changes in menstrual patterns
  • increased sensitivity to heat
  • changes in bowel patterns
  • enlarged thyroid gland – goiter
  • difficulty sleeping

Grave’s disease symptoms may include:


  • protruding eyeballs
  • red or swollen eyes
  • excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes
  • light sensitivity
  • blurry or double vision
  • reduced eye movement

Treatment may include:


  • surgery
  • medication
  • radioactive iodine treatment
  • avoiding bright lights

Types include:


  • graves' ophthalmopathy is an uncommon condition that affect the eyes, causing the eyeballs protrude beyond their normal protective orbits when tissues and muscles behind the eyes swell. This pushes the eyeballs forward so far that they bulge out of the orbits, causing the front surface of the eyeballs to become very dry.
  • dermatology
  • endocrinology
  • ophthalmology

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