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Diseases & Conditions Go Back

prostatitis
 

Prostatitis is inflammation or infection of the prostate gland — an organ about the size and shape of a walnut, located just below the bladder in males.

 

Prostatitis has been classified by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) into four categories:

 

  • acute bacterial prostatitis
  • chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • chronic non-bacterial prostatitis
  • asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
 
Symptoms

Symptoms may include:

 

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis:
    • fever and chills
    • flu-like symptoms
    • pain in the prostate gland, lower back or groin
    • urinary problems, including increased urinary urgency and frequency, difficulty or pain when urinating, inability to completely empty the bladder, and blood-tinged urine
    • painful ejaculation

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis:
    • a frequent and urgent need to urinate
    • pain or a burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)
    • pain in the pelvic area
    • excessive urination during the night (nocturia)
    • pain in the lower back and genital area
    • difficulty starting to urinate, or diminished urine flow
    • occasional blood in semen or in urine (hematuria)
    • painful ejaculation
    • a slight fever
    • recurring bladder infection

  • Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis:
    • a frequent and urgent need to urinate
    • pain or a burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)
    • pain in the pelvic area
    • excessive urination during the night (nocturia)
    • pain in the lower back and genital area
    • difficulty starting to urinate
    • occasional blood in semen or in urine (hematuria)
    • painful ejaculation
    • recurring bladder infections
 
Causes

Causes may include:

 

  • infectious agents
  • heavy lifting
  • interstitial cystitis
  • physical activity
  • pelvic muscle spasm
  • structural abnormalities of the urinary tract
 
Treatments

Treatment may include:

 

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