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septic arthritis

Septic arthritis (infectious arthiritis. bacteria) is an inflammation of a synovial membrane caused by bacteria and that usually affects a single joint.


Symptoms may include:


  • affected joint kept in a flexed position
  • redness and edema over the affected joint
  • severely reduced range of motion
  • warmth and extreme tenderness over the involved joint
  • chills

Causes may include:


  • bacteria spread from a primary site of infection
    • gram-positive cocci
    • staphylococcus aureus
    • streptococcus pyogenes
    • streptococcus pneumoniae
    • streptococcus viridans
    • gram-negative cocci
    • neisseria gonorrhoeae
    • haemophilus influenzae
    • gram-negative bacilli
    • escherichia colt
    • salmonella
    • pseudomonas
    • fungi
    • mycobacteria (rare cause)

Treatment may include:


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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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