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uterine fibroids

Fibroid tumors (fibroids) are benign (non-cancerous) growths that appear on the muscular wall of the uterus. They are the most common tumors of the female genital tract. They are sometimes called other names like myoma. They range in size from microscopic to masses that fill the entire abdominal cavity. Uterine fibroids can affect women of all ages, but are most common in women ages 40 to 50. In most cases, there is more than one fibroid in the uterus. Fibroids consist of dense, fibrous tissue and are nourished and sustained by a series of blood vessels.


Symptoms by type of Fibroids include:


  • Intramural Uterine Fibroids – these fibroids are located in the wall of the uterus and are the most common type of fibroids. They cause the uterus to become enlarged, and can cause pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic or back pain, and pressure.
  • Submucosal uterine fibroids – these fibroids re located inside the lining of the uterus and protrude inward. These cause heavy bleeding and heavy, prolonged periods.
  • Subserosal Uterine Fibroids – these fibroids are located outside of the lining of the uterus and protrude outward. They have less of an affect on your period, but may cause back pain or pressure. The subserosal fibroid can also grow on a stalk attached to the uterus, in which case it is called pendunculated.  The stalk may become twisted and can cause severe pelvic pain.

Other symptoms may include:


  • Pelvic pain and pressure
  • Excessive bleeding, prolonged periods and passage of clots
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Pressure on the bladder
  • Infertility

Treatment may include:

  • OB/GYN

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    Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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