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Diseases & Conditions Go Back

acne
 

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands, which become clogged, leading to pimples and cysts.  During puberty, hormones increase causing the sebaceous glands, located in the dermis (the middle layer of skin), to become more active.  This results in increased production of oil which is secreted onto the skin. Normally, the oil travels via hair follicles to the skin's surface, however, skin cells can plug the follicles, blocking the oil coming from the sebaceous glands. The plugged follicles begin to grow bacteria, causing inflammation.

 
Symptoms

Symptoms may include:

·         blackheads
·         whiteheads
·         pus-filled lesions
·         nodules - solid, raised bumps

 
Causes

Causes may include:

·         increased hormone levels during puberty
·         heredity 
·         changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle
·         medication
·         oil and grease from the scalp 

 
Treatments

Treatment may include:

 

  • medication
 
Types

Types include:

·         superficial - pimples without abscesses
·         deep -  inflamed pimples that push down into the skin 

Specialties
  •  
  • dermatology

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