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Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands, which become clogged, leading to pimples and cysts.  During puberty, hormones increase causing the sebaceous glands, located in the dermis (the middle layer of skin), to become more active.  This results in increased production of oil which is secreted onto the skin. Normally, the oil travels via hair follicles to the skin's surface, however, skin cells can plug the follicles, blocking the oil coming from the sebaceous glands. The plugged follicles begin to grow bacteria, causing inflammation.


Symptoms may include:

·         blackheads
·         whiteheads
·         pus-filled lesions
·         nodules - solid, raised bumps


Causes may include:

·         increased hormone levels during puberty
·         heredity 
·         changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle
·         medication
·         oil and grease from the scalp 


Treatment may include:


  • medication

Types include:

·         superficial - pimples without abscesses
·         deep -  inflamed pimples that push down into the skin 

  • dermatology

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    Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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