If a Pap Smear indicates the presence of abnormal cervical cells, or cervical dysplasia, a physician may recommend a loop electrosurgical excision procedure, or LEEP procedure. This procedure helps to diagnose and treat abnormal cervical cells.
LEEP uses a thin wire loop electrode which is attached to an electrosurgical generator. The generator transmits a painless electrical current that quickly cuts away the affected cervical tissue in the immediate area of the loop wire. This causes the abnormal cells to rapidly heat and burst, and separates the tissue as the loop wire moves through the cervix.
The tissue that is removed is sent to a lab for further evaluation and for a more accurate assessment of the abnormal cell area.