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Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. 

An ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care.  These physicians are specially trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing eye glasses and contact lenses to complex and delicate eye surgery.  Some ophthalmologists are also involved in scientific research into the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision problems.

The following are subspecialties in ophthalmology:
  • cornea and external disease - involves the diagnosis and management of diseases of the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, and eyelids.  Training in this area may include corneal transplant surgery and corneal surgery to correct refractive conditions.
  • glaucoma - involves the treatment of glaucoma and other conditions that may cause optic nerve damage by increasing intraocular pressure. 
  • neuro-ophthalmology - involves the relationship between neurologic and ophthalmic diseases
  • ophthalmic pathology - involves examining tissue specimens from the eye
  • ophthalmic plastic surgery - involves plastic surgery for the face and eyelids
  • pediatric ophthalmology - involves pediatric patient research and care, including genetic and developmental abnormalities
  • vitreoretinal diseases - involves the medical and surgical treatment of retinal and vitreoretinal diseases.  Treatment may include laser surgery, cryotherapy, vitrectomy and retinal detachment surgery.

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Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton Hamilton. Phone: 609-586-7900 Physician Referral: 609-584-5900.

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